The Process of Making Cotton T-shirts

Branded or not, cotton t-shirts are something that most of our wardrobes have. From colours to patterns and prints, we have many factors to determine what we will wear or buy. But we rarely know how so many t-shirts are manufactured, that caters to our every t-shirt needs. Here’s a brief process of making cotton t-shirts in the Kolkata T-shirt market.

From Field to Gin

Cotton fields are quite common in India and the US, and often the cotton seeds are transferred from the field to the gins where the lint and the seed are separated. In this process, the cotton also goes through a drying process along with cleaning, where it is made sure that no particles other than cotton are present. Having cotton without moisture or any foreign particles ensures fibre quality.

A machine called a Cotton gin has revolving circular saws which help the lint pull through ribs that are densely spaced, and this is what separates the seeds from the lint. Various methods are used in removing the lint from the saw teeth, which includes air blasts or even rotating brushes. After removing from the saw teeth, the cotton is compressed into bales, and then it goes to the warehouse from where the textile mill takes it.

Spin to Loom

The spinning process involves steps like carding, combing and blending. The cotton bales go through all three steps. The bales from the textile mill use machines to open, and steps like blowing and beating are done to the lint. The blew and beat cotton are now fluffed, which goes to carding machines. This machine will straighten the fibres and makes them into soft ropes which are called a sliver.

This spun cotton is now made into a loom by knitting, which is also called a weaving process, and this is how a fabric is made.

Wet Processing

Wet processing is where the resultant fabric goes through heat and chemical treatments, and this gives the fabric its final touch and appearance. This process can include anything from bleaching, printing and dyeing.

The fabric also goes through a thorough inspection to check for any weaving faults, and this process includes various steps including preparation, colouration, and finishing.

Cutting and Printing

The finished fabric reaches the sewing facility, and the fabrics will be cut before they are sewed. The sewing facility specialises in sewing blank garments of different sizes, which are then shipped to the business customers.

The customer then works with their respective screen-printing partner facility, where the blank garments get their design and personalisation. All things like colours, sizing, ink, etc., are decided and confirmed.

Different colours in the artwork require different clear films, and which will be required to expose the images onto the mesh screens. The screens will be rinsed with water later and will go through checking to ensure the images are accurate. These screens can now be used to print hundreds of shirts by registering into place on an automatic screen press.


YC Qtee Shop is one of the best T-shirt manufacturers in Kolkata that takes careful steps in manufacturing their apparel and delivers some of the high quality and stylish designs to its customers. YC Qtee Shop apparel is printed with non-toxic paints and tries to add a unique style to the market.

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